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The rough guide to the Islamic Investment world (in South Africa)
So this is my rough guide to Islamic investments within the South African Universe (it can apply globally, except my examples is all South African based). Hope it is informative and encourages halal investing. Suggestions welcome
Section 1: Investment Universe
Islamic Bank fixed deposits
About: Invest your money for a fixed period (1 month up to 5 years). Get profit when period is completed Pros: Reliable profit , Low financial risk, low Islamic risk : covered by a board of Shariah scholars Cons: Low profit rates.
FNB Islamic Fixed deposit.
Absa Islamic Fixed deposit
Standard Bank Islamic Fixed deposit
About: Collective investment - managed by investment company, protected by SA law, typically invests in equities, sukuks and property Pros: Plenty of choice, Provided by registered Financial Service Providers, Sharia Boards , diversification Cons: Typically High fees, .
Old Mutual Albarakah equity fund
Oasis Cresent Equity Fund
Kagiso Islamic Equity Fund
Many options: only a few examples listed.
About: Collective investment Pros: low fees, Provided by registered Financial Service Providers, Sharia Boards , diversification Cons: only one option in SA, heavily weighted on Resources
NewFunds Sharia top 40 ETF
About: Pick your own stocks off the exchange Pros: High profit potential, Cons: Very Risky, No Islamic oversight (hence need to do your own screening)
Platform: Easy Equities (low fees platform available in SA. NO Leverage/Margin, Remember to buy/sell whole shares only).
Lazy guide to choosing "Sharia stocks" : Get the constituents of islamic unit trusts, invest in those.
NB: Remember to do dividends purification
About: Tried and test property Pros: Stable Asset, Tangible, Straightforward, Zakah benefits, Cons: High capital outlay, expensive legal costs (transfebond registration) , Not very liquid,
Banks for islamic loans:
FNB (Islamic bond)
paid on rental income , not on property value (if intention is to invest)
paid on property value: if intention is to sell property in near term (refurbish/fix and sell, etc).
Interest is Haram. No two ways about it. Luckily we have two banks that can provide Islamic loans (or at least as close as possible)
Custom Wealth Solutions
About: Customized Wealth management and investments Pros: Professional advice, custom solution Cons: Available exclusively to high net worth individuals, Investment advise appears to be fee based
Side note - I do not have any experience/knowledge. Would be great to hear if anyone has any experience here.
Banks such as FNB provide Islamic Private banking, with financial advisors (but they tend to push unit trusts, endowment policies, etc).
Section 2: Definitely not halal
Margin based investing: Margin = interest = haram. Also very risky
Futures contracts: Shorting, going long, all CFD's and futures contracts are impermissible. Because a condition for a halal investment is that the underlying asset must be owned
Forex: Or at least forex based on CFD's and margins. Buying dollars to travel should be perfectly fine.
Stocks/Equities that primarily deal in haram activities: Gambling, pork, etc
Section 3: Grey Areas
Crypto ( Bitcoin ,etc) : In theory these should be more "halal" than fiat currency (what all money in the world is) however there are differences of opinion.
Shares : There are grey areas : Most companies has an element of haram income (interest, etc). Scholars have devised ratios to to filter out "islamic stocks" from haram stocks (30-33% max debt, max 5% haram income, liquid ratios, etc). It is for this reason these stocks requires dividend purification.
However you should be aware of this before venturing into to stocks as you might not be comfortable with that thought (This also affects EFTs, Unit trusts, etc). 3 Easy Equities: Easy equities makes it cheap and easy to own equities. However I would at all times buy/sell only whole shares and not fractional shares. Fractional shares are done as a CFD (a bit different from a forex CFD). You get all the benefits of ownership such as dividends and capital gains on a pro rate basis. But you do not actually own the CFD until you buy enough CFD to get a real whole share. That being said, it is still grey, best to avoid fractional shares entirely 4. Halal Forex Accounts: Somehow these are marketed that way. Here's a link to (Islamic Finance Guru) who has a bit more knowledge on this. (Note: I am not affiliated in any way or get any benefit)
Section 4: Conclusion
I sincerely hope this helps , and encourages to invest in the Islamic world. Any ideas, inputs and suggestions welcome. Disclaimer 1 : Corrections welcome, I am not a learned scholar, this is not financial advice, you bear the responsibility & consequences of your own decisions/investments Disclaimer 2 : At some point FNB Sharia board quit , they subsequently hired a new board. They don't however make it easy to find who is in the board from their website. However the information can be found in news websites.
The offshore-based FX and CFDs broker ITRADER has three trading accounts. The accounts are called Silver, Gold, and Platinum. The brokers provide an Islamic account to Muslim traders that enable swap-free trade. In this ITRADER review, we will investigate this broker thoroughly and find out its offers and reality.
The offshore-based FX and CFDs broker ITRADER claim its inception in early 2012. The trading assets offered are 50 FX pairs, and CFDs on several commodities, indices, stocks. It offers traders a well-established MetaTrader trading terminal. The firm called Hoch Capital Limited manages the ITRADER trademark. The brokers claim its registration at the Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission, Cyprus. The CySEC imposes many rules and regulations on the brokerage provider in its country. These are maintenance of 7,30,000 euros, and also advises brokers to segregate trading accounts. The broker also claims to offer Investor Compensation Fund to the traders. It helps traders to avoid loss and scam. Also; all the brokerage providers under CySEC are entitled to MiFID compliance. It enables brokers to perform cross border business in the EU. The initial investment needed to open an account with ITRADER is 250 USD. The initial deposits are according to the current market situation. However, many regulated brokers offer the same services at 5 USD. The trade at ITRADER is commission-free. The spreads provided according to the types of accounts. The spread on the Silver account is at 2.2 pips, Gold account at 1.3 pips, and Platinum account at 0.7 pips on significant FX pair of EUUSD. The spread of 0.7 is profitable, but it requires a higher initial deposition. The offered leverages are in between 1:200 to 1:500. The provided leverages are according to the current market value but can make colossal profit or loss. The broker offers to trade on versatile and easy to use a trading platform MetaTrader. It is available on all operating systems like iOS, Android, and Windows. MT is the top-rated trading platforms. ITRADER offers Virtual Private Server to its traders for extra security in FX and CFDs trade. Many payment gateways manage the payment funding and withdrawal of profits. They are cards, and bank transfers are few to mention. Unfortunately, Skrill and Neteller not provided.
Is ITRADER scam or legit?
ITRADER is a regulated and licensed FX broker by CySEC. The trading conditions offered are higher. The trading platform provided is MetaTrader and is a good sign. However, offshore nature is worrisome. ITRADER may be a potential forex scam broker.
"Satoshi Nakamoto" the mysterious creator of Bitcoin is no other than the CIA
Bitcoin has surged to all time highs, Who created Bitcoin, and why? The creator of Bitcoin is officially a name, “Satoshi Nakamoto” – very few people believe that it was a single male from Japan. In the early days of Bitcoin development this name is associated with original key-creation and communications on message boards, and then the project was officially handed over to others at which point this Satoshi character never appeared again (Although from time to time someone will come forward saying they are the real Satoshi Nakamoto, and then have their posts deleted). Bitcoin could very well be the ‘one world currency’ that conspiracy theorists have been talking about for some time. It’s a kill five birds with one stone solution – not only is Bitcoin an ideal one world currency, it allows law enforcement a perfect record of all transactions on the network. It states very clearly on bitcoin.org (the official site) in big letters “Bitcoin is not anonymous” : Some effort is required to protect your privacy with Bitcoin. All Bitcoin transactions are stored publicly and permanently on the network, which means anyone can see the balance and transactions of any Bitcoin address. However, the identity of the user behind an address remains unknown until information is revealed during a purchase or in other circumstances. This is one reason why Bitcoin addresses should only be used once. Another advantage of Bitcoin is the problem of Quantitative Easing – the Fed (and thus, nearly all central banks in the world) have painted themselves in a corner, metaphorically speaking. QE ‘solved’ the credit crisis, but QE itself does not have a solution. Currently all currencies are in a race to zero – competing with who can print more money faster. Central Bankers who are in systemic analysis, their economic advisors, know this. They know that the Fiat money system is doomed, all what you can read online is true (just sensationalized) – it’s a debt based system based on nothing. That system was created, originally in the early 1900’s and refined during Breton Woods followed by the Nixon shock (This is all explained well in Splitting Pennies). In the early 1900’s – there was no internet! It is a very archaic system that needs to be replaced, by something modern, electronic, based on encryption. Bitcoin! It’s a currency based on ‘bits’ – but most importantly, Bitcoin is not the ‘one world currency’ per se, but laying the framework for larger cryptocurrency projects. In the case of central banks, who control the global monetary system, that would manifest in ‘Settlement Coin’ : Two resources available almost exclusively to central banks could soon be opened up to additional users as a result of a new digital currency project designed by a little-known startup and Swiss bank UBS. One of those resources is the real-time gross settlement (RTGS) system used by central banks (it’s typically reserved for high-value transactions that need to be settled instantly), and the other is central bank-issued cash. Using the Utility Settlement Coin (USC) unveiled today, the five-member consortium that has sprung up around the project aims to help central banks open-up access to these tools to more customers. If successful, USC has the potential to create entirely new business models built on instant settling and easy cash transfers. In interview, Robert Sams, founder of London-based Clearmatics, said his firm initially worked with UBS to build the network, and that BNY Mellon, Deutsche Bank, ICAP and Santander are only just the first of many future members. the NSA/CIA often works for big corporate clients, just as it has become a cliche that the Iraq war was about big oil, the lesser known hand in global politics is the banking sector. In other words, Bitcoin may have very well been ‘suggested’ or ‘sponsored’ by a banker, group of banks, or financial services firm. But the NSA (as we surmise) was the company that got the job done. And probably, if it was in fact ‘suggested’ or ‘sponsored’ by a private bank, they would have been waiting in the wings to develop their own Bitcoin related systems or as in the above “Settlement Coin.” So the NSA made Bitcoin – so what? The FX markets currently represent the exchange between ‘major’ and ‘minor’ currencies. In the future, why not too they will include ‘cryptocurrencies’ – we’re already seeing the BTC/EUR pair popup on obscure brokers. When BTC/USD and BTC/EUR are available at major FX banks and brokers, we can say – from a global FX perspective, that Bitcoin has ‘arrived.’ Many of us remember the days when the synthetic “Euro” currency was a new artificial creation that was being adopted, although the Euro project is thousands of degrees larger than the Bitcoin project. But unlike the Euro, Bitcoin is being adopted at a near exponential rate by demand (Many merchants resisted the switch to Euros claiming it was eating into their profit margins and they were right!). And to answer the question as to why Elite E Services is not actively involved in Bitcoin the answer is that previously, you can’t trade Bitcoin. Now we’re starting to see obscure brokers offering BTC/EUR but the liquidity is sparse and spreads are wacky – that will all change. When we can trade BTC/USD just like EUUSD you can bet that EES and a host of other algorithmic FX traders will be all over it! It will be an interesting trade for sure, especially with all the volatility, the cross ‘pairs’ – and new cryptocurrencies. For the record, for brokers- there’s not much difference adding a new symbol (currency pair) in MT4 they just need liquidity, which has been difficult to find. So there’s really nothing revolutionary about Bitcoin, it’s just a logical use of technology in finance considering a plethora of problems faced by any central bank who creates currency. And there are some interesting caveats to Bitcoin as compared to major currencies; Bitcoin is a closed system (there are finite Bitcoin) – this alone could make such currencies ‘anti-inflationary’ and at the least, hold their value (the value of the USD continues to deteriorate slowly over time as new M3 introduced into the system.) But we need to pay Here’s some interesting theories about who or whom is Satoshi: A corporate conglomerate Some researchers proposed that the name ‘Satoshi Nakamoto’ was derived from a combination of tech companies consisting of Samsung, Toshiba, Nakayama, and Motorola. The notion that the name was a pseudonym is clearly true and it is doubtful they reside in Japan given the numerous forum posts with a distinctly English dialect. Craig Steven Wright This Australian entrepreneur claims to be the Bitcoin creator and provided proof. But soon after, his offices were raided by the tax authorities on ‘an unrelated matter’ Soon after these stories were published, authorities in Australia raided the home of Mr Wright. The Australian Taxation Office said the raid was linked to a long-running investigation into tax payments rather than Bitcoin. Questioned about this raid, Mr Wright said he was cooperating fully with the ATO. “We have lawyers negotiating with them over how much I have to pay,” he said. Other potential creators Nick Szabo, and many others, have been suggested as potential Satoshi – but all have denied it: The New Yorker published a piece pointing at two possible Satoshis, one of whom seemed particularly plausible: a cryptography graduate student from Trinity College, Dublin, who had gone on to work in currency-trading software for a bank and published a paper on peer-to-peer technology. The other was a Research Fellow at the Oxford Internet Institute, Vili Lehdonvirta. Both made denials. Fast Company highlighted an encryption patent application filed by three researchers – Charles Bry, Neal King and Vladimir Oksman – and a circumstantial link involving textual analysis of it and the Satoshi paper which found the phrase “…computationally impractical to reverse” in both. Again, it was flatly denied. THE WINNER: It was the NSA The NSA has the capability, the motive, and the operational capacity – they have teams of cryptographers, the biggest fastest supercomputers in the world, and they see the need. Whether instructed by their friends at the Fed, in cooperation with their owners (i.e. Illuminati banking families), or as part of a DARPA project – is not clear and will never be known (unless a whistleblower comes forward). In fact, the NSA employs some of the best mathematicians and cryptographers in the world. Few know about their work because it’s a secret, and this isn’t the kind of job you leave to start your own cryptography company. But the real smoking Gun, aside from the huge amount of circumstantial evidence and lack of a credible alternative, is the 1996 paper authored by NSA “HOW TO MAKE A MINT: THE CRYPTOGRAPHY OF ANONYMOUS ELECTRONIC CASH” The NSA was one of the first organizations to describe a Bitcoin-like system. About twelve years before Satoshi Nakamotopublished his legendary white paper to the Metzdowd.com cryptography mailing list, a group of NSA information security researchers published a paper entitled How to Make a Mint: the Cryptography of Anonymous Electronic Cash in two prominent places, the first being an MIT mailing list and the second being much more prominent, The American Law Review The paper outlines a system very much like Bitcoin in which secure financial transactions are possible through the use of a decentralized network the researchers refer informally to as a Bank. They list four things as indispensable in their proposed network: privacy, user identification (protection against impersonation), message integrity (protection against tampering/substitution of transaction information – that is, protection against double-spending), and nonrepudiation (protection against later denial of a transaction – a blockchain!). It is evident that SHA-256, the algorithm Satoshi used to secure Bitcoin, was not available because it came about in 2001. However, SHA-1 would have been available to them, having been published in 1993. Why would the NSA want to do this? One simple reason: Control. As we explain in Splitting Pennies – Understanding Forex – the primary means the US dominates the world is through economic policy, although backed by bombs. And the critical support of the US Dollar is primarily, the military. The connection between the military and the US Dollar system is intertwined inextricably. There are thousands of great examples only one of them being how Iraq switched to the Euro right before the Army’s invasion. In October 2000 Iraq insisted on dumping the US dollar – ‘the currency of the enemy’ – for the more multilateral euro. The changeover was announced on almost exactly the same day that the euro reached its lowest ebb, buying just $0.82, and the G7 Finance Ministers were forced to bail out the currency. On Friday the euro had reached $1.08, up 30 per cent from that time. Almost all of Iraq’s oil exports under the United Nations oil-for-food programme have been paid in euros since 2001. Around 26 billion euros (£17.4bn) has been paid for 3.3 billion barrels of oil into an escrow account in New York. The Iraqi account, held at BNP Paribas, has also been earning a higher rate of interest in euros than it would have in dollars. The point here is there are a lot of different types of control. The NSA monitors and collects literally all electronic communications; internet, phone calls, everything. They listen in even to encrypted voice calls with high powered microphones, devices like cellphones equipped with recording devices (See original “Clipper” chip). It’s very difficult to communicate on planet Earth in private, without the NSA listening. So it is only logical that they would also want complete control of the financial system, including records of all electronic transactions, which Bitcoin provides. Could there be an ‘additional’ security layer baked into the Blockchain that is undetectable, that allows the NSA to see more information about transactions, such as network location data? It wouldn’t be so far fetched, considering their past work, such as Xerox copy machines that kept a record of all copies made (this is going back to the 70’s, now it’s common). Of course security experts will point to the fact that this layer remains invisible, but if this does exist – of course it would be hidden. More to the point about the success of Bitcoin – its design is very solid, robust, manageable – this is not the work of a student. Of course logically, the NSA employs individuals, and ultimately it is the work of mathematicians, programmers, and cryptographers – but if we deduce the most likely group capable, willing, and motivated to embark on such a project, the NSA is the most likely suspect. Universities, on the other hand, didn’t product white papers like this from 1996. Another question is that if it was the NSA, why didn’t they go through more trouble concealing their identity? I mean, the internet is rife with theories that it was in fact the NSA/CIA and “Satoshi Nakamoto” means in Japanese “Central Intelligence” – well there are a few answers for this, but to be congruent with our argument, it fits their profile. Where could this ‘hidden layer’ be? Many think it could be in the public SHA-256, developed by NSA (which ironically, was the encryption algorithm of choice for Bitcoin – they could have chosen hundreds of others, which arguably are more secure): Claims that the NSA created Bitcoin have actually been flung around for years. People have questioned why it uses the SHA-256 hash function, which was designed by the NSA and published by the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST). The fact that the NSA is tied to SHA-256 leads some to assume it’s created a backdoor to the hash function that no one has ever identified, which allows it to spy on Bitcoin users. “If you assume that the NSA did something to SHA-256, which no outside researcher has detected, what you get is the ability, with credible and detectable action, they would be able to forge transactions. The really scary thing is somebody finds a way to find collisions in SHA-256 really fast without brute-forcing it or using lots of hardware and then they take control of the network,” cryptography researcher Matthew D. Green of Johns Hopkins University said in a previous interview. Then there’s the question of “Satoshi Nakamoto” – if it was in fact the NSA, why not just claim ownership of it? Why all the cloak and dagger? And most importantly, if Satoshi Nakamoto is a real person, and not a group that wants to remain secret – WHY NOT come forward and claim your nearly $3 Billion worth of Bitcoin (based on current prices). Did the NSA create Satoshi Nakamoto? The CIA Project, a group dedicated to unearthing all of the government’s secret projects and making them public, hasreleased a video claiming Bitcoin is actually the brainchild of the US National Security Agency. The video entitled CIA Project Bitcoin: Is Bitcoin a CIA or NSA project? claims that there is a lot of compelling evidences that proves that the NSA is behind Bitcoin. One of the main pieces of evidence has to do with the name of the mysterious man, woman or group behind the creation of Bitcoin, “Satoshi Nakamoto”. According to the CIA Project, Satoshi Nakamoto means “Central Intelligence” in Japanese. Doing a quick web search, you’ll find out that Satoshi is usually a name given for baby boys which means “clear thinking, quick witted, wise,” while Nakamoto is a Japanese surname which means ‘central origin’ or ‘(one who lives) in the middle’ as people with this surname are found mostly in the Ryukyu islands which is strongly associated with the Ry?ky? Kingdom, a highly centralized kingdom that originated from the Okinawa Islands. So combining Nakamoto and Satoshi can be loosely interpreted as “Central Intelligence”. Is it so really hard to believe? This is from an organization that until the Snowden leaks, secretly recorded nearly all internet traffic on the network level by splicing fiber optic cables. They even have a deep-sea splicing mission that will cut undersea cables and install intercept devices. Making Bitcoin wouldn’t even be a big priority at NSA. Certainly, anonymity is one of the biggest myths about Bitcoin. In fact, there has never been a more easily traceable method of payment. Every single transaction is recorded and retained permanently in the public “blockchain”. The idea that the NSA would create an anarchic, peer-to-peer crypto-currency in the hope that it would be adopted for nefarious industries and become easy to track would have been a lot more difficult to believe before the recent leaks by Edward Snowden and the revelation that billions of phone calls had been intercepted by the US security services. We are now in a world where we now know that the NSA was tracking the pornography habits of Islamic “radicalisers” in order to discredit them and making deals with some of the world’s largest internet firms to insert backdoors into their systems. And we’re not the only ones who believe this, in Russia they ‘know’ this to be true without sifting through all the evidence. Nonetheless, Svintsov’s remarks count as some of the more extreme to emanate from the discussion. Svintsov told Russian broadcast news agency REGNUM:“All these cryptocurrencies [were] created by US intelligence agencies just to finance terrorism and revolutions.”Svintsov reportedly went on to explain how cryptocurrencies have started to become a payment method for consumer spending, and cited reports that terrorist organisations are seeking to use the technology for illicit means. Let’s elaborate on what is ‘control’ as far as the NSA is concerned. Bitcoin is like the prime mover. All future cryptocurrencies, no matter how snazzy or functional – will never have the same original keys as Bitcoin. It created a self-sustained, self-feeding bubble – and all that followed. It enabled law enforcement to collect a host of criminals on a network called “Silk Road” and who knows what other operations that happened behind the scenes. Because of pesky ‘domestic’ laws, the NSA doesn’t control the internet in foreign countries. But by providing a ‘cool’ currency as a tool, they can collect information from around the globe and like Facebook, users provide this information voluntarily. It’s the same strategy they use like putting the listening device in the chips at the manufacturing level, which saves them the trouble of wiretapping, electronic eavesdropping, and other risky methods that can fail or be blocked. It’s impossible to stop a cellphone from listening to you, for example (well not 100%, but you have to physically rewire the device). Bitcoin is the same strategy on a financial level – by using Bitcoin you’re giving up your private transactional information. By itself, it would not identify you per se (as the blockchain is ‘anonymous’ but the transactions are there in the public register, so combined with other information, which the NSA has a LOT OF – they can triangulate their information more precisely. That’s one problem solved with Bitcoin – another being the economic problem of QE (although with a Bitcoin market cap of $44 Billion, that’s just another day at the Fed buying MBS) – and finally, it squashes the idea of sovereignty although in a very, very, very subtle way. You see, a country IS a currency. Until now, currency has always been tied to national sovereignty (although the Fed is private, USA only has one currency, the US Dollar, which is exclusively American). Bitcoin is a super-national currency, or really – the world’s first one world currency. Of course, this is all great praise for the DOD which seems to have a 50 year plan – but after tens of trillions spent we’d hope that they’d be able to do something better than catching terrorists (which mostly are artificial terrorists)
message meant to prevent humanity's destruction and to speed its evolution.
The following is a message meant to prevent humanity's destruction and to speed its evolution. Every War since the beginning of time has been over land or resources. World War 2 was an absolute brutal and ugly display of humanity, with nearly 4% of the world population dying. Once the nuclear bomb was detonated the stakes became even higher, and the people in power's main job was to prevent global conflict from breaking out. The US's military might was this groups way of maintaining global order with 1 tool being their maintence of the dollar as a reserve currency. This Bretton Woods system was deflationary in nature, but everyone could be in agreement with a very strong peg to gold, and effectively a true gold backing that was only redeemed by foreign governments and central banks. In 1971 the US effectively went bankrupt closing the redeemability of dollars into gold, attempting to fund the Vietnam war. After the closing of the gold window maintence of the dollar as a reserve currency required much more coercion. There was an oil Embargo in 1973. Inflation roared. The medling into political affairs of nations to ensure that oil and other commodities were purchased with paper us dollars that no longer had any backing, created a lot of resentment and ill will towards the US which ultimately evolved into Islamic Extremism. Today the dollar is still the reserve currency of the world, and despite all the negative associated with it, there are no realistic alternatives. With the well structured bond market, highly regulated stock market, clearly outlined forward guidance of the central banks money printing, and extremely liquid forex markets, as well as the largest economy, all the other alternatives are merely inferior fiat currencies themselves. However, with all the technological advances, and growth of the economy, we are still working harder than ever. We see the rich get richer and the poor get poorer. What is the real reason behind this? Ultimately, what inflation does, is over time it transfers wealth from the working class, to the assett owning class. Deflation can be equally problematic for humanity as well. With a gold backing, it inherently causes deflation over time. This effecively slows down the velocty of money, and artifically restricts economic activity. To fully back currency today with gold would effectively send the price of gold soaring, and the market would tell humanity to specifically search for a lot more gold. This is a commodity that by its very nature, humanity digs up out of the ground, only to be stored and put back right into the ground without creating any real benefit to humanity in terms of additional goods, services, or more efficient means of production. The largest source of money getting printed out of thin air is government debt, which is now a global standard for the way countries and central banks operate. When the government has to borrow large sums of money to continue operating, the central bank can facilitate this instantly, but the purchasing power of all the other dollars in existence truly depreciates. This transfer of wealth then effectively gets moved into an entity that can then be heavily influenced on where to spend that money by special interests who exagerate or manufacture problems to influence what problems governments need to fix, and ultimately enriches themselves in the process. Sure, there are social programs that provide assistance, but the amount of money spend on war in comparison to the amount spent on social programs is in great imbalance. And that amount spent on war greatly enriches all the companies that supply those weapons and war time services, incentivising them to exaggerate and manufacturer threats. This all begs the question, what is the solution? The US, being in the best position to execute, would effectively create a new dollar. They would take their gold reserve, and back a certain percentage of the new currency with this. The second biggest % would be of oil as well. Now as it stands, the US strategic oil reserve is holding roughly 30 Billion approximately 600 million barrels. This would need to be drastically expanded. However, this is the single most cost effective method to preserve national security in the US, where 600B was spent in 2015 on the military. A tax would also need to be imposed on oil to subsidize alternative energy and climate research. The rest of the reserve would be a combination of copper, silver, palladium, platinum, steel, alluminum, and other commodities.The greater the variety of commodities incorporated, the more the inflationary effects will be spread out. Ultimately every country would adopt the same system with a basket of commodities tailored to their countries natural reserves and competitive advantages. A percentage of this new currency would also be foreign currency holdings to facilitate liquid exchange between currencies. What would happen, is a baseline could be established of commodities prices. If the market price of 1 of the underlying commodities rise, then the commodity could be sold into the market to dampen the price rise, and if a commodity fell, then new dollars could be printed to buy into and dampen the drop, effectively smoothing out any short term supply demand imbalances without taking the money out of the marketplace for expensive yaughts and houses. The amount of new dollars that could be created would be limited by the set percentage of commodities that a single unit would be redeemable for. These set percentages could have a little wiggle room to account for all the transactions going in and out each day, but would serve as a hard limit. This would also keep US commodities producers in business, and would create an environment where more human energy was spent on gathering resources. Once the resources have been stock piled, those resources would be used to build and construct things creating economic activity. This would create a perpetual cycle of production and abundance. It would at first simply be a stable currency that everyone would want to willingly adopt as the standard medium of global trade. Then the economic utopia created in the US will serve as a model for the rest of the world to want to willingly adopt. This would effectively smooth out markets, and remove speculators who simply skim off the top without actually contributing anything to society. Boom and bust cycles would not be exaccerbated in the manner in which they are now. There would still be a federal reserve system that would act as a central bank to coordinate interest rates, set reserve requirements, and be a lender of last resort. The key difference would be that they could not simply print new federal reserve notes out of thin air to bail out governments or bailout the banking system as a whole. They could only deposit and take deposits of CASH. There would need to be an orderly mechanism for all banks to fail where the depositors are first in line for all assets, and shareholders are last in line. There also would need to be coordination to ensure that asset prices do not spiral down, unneccesarily destroying the banking system whose health is determined by the underlying asset values of the loans it holds. However, what needs to cease immediately is the perpetual printing of money, to continue increasing asset values, in an effort to print their way out of massive debt. This is where the transfer of wealth occurs from the working class, to the assett owning class. Governments then step in to try to fill in the gaps with social programs, but there is massive waste that occurs from the simple government redistribution of wealth back, and it never keeps up with the initial theft. Hence why we are working harder than ever despite all the technological and social progress that has been made. So essentially the new monetary authority has the sole ability to print new money by direct purchases into commodities markets. Now all existing federal reserve notes will be pegged 1 to 1 in value with the new dollar. Both dollars would always be valid for all debts public and private. However, no new federal reserve notes could be created, only the new dollar when an equivalent amount of the right commodities is brought to the entity that maintains the integrity of the new dollar. Individuals, foreign governments, and everyone in between would always have the right to redeem the underlying ratio of commodities on demand, and anyone could have a dollar created that brought the set ratio of underlying commodities to the same entity. This mechanism would be the only way in which new money would be created. This would completely change humanity from a consumption based economy to a production based economy. At the end of the day, the central bank would work in conjunction with the new monetary authority to maintain price stability as the ONLY goal. One problem that arises is the fact that all recipients of loans, including the US government, took out loans with the assumption that future dollars would be less valuable then current dollars. If future loans have to be paid back with dollars worth the same as current dollars and not less, this effectively increases the price of all loans beyond what people agreed to when they took out the loans. Since the Feds stated target inflation rate is 3%, every year that inflation is less, all loans should technically have the interest rate or principal revised lower, because they are being paid back with less inflated, more expensive dollars. However, the initial inflationary effect of simple implementation of this system also has to be factored in that would in affect counteract this to a large degree. This would lead to a global abundance with very little unemployment and large scale coordination of resources. There would be equitable distribution of resources amongst all classes. Every person would become a net producer instead of a net consumer by leveraging technology and economies of scale for production and organization. There would be great people doing great things uninhibited, which would inspire others to do great things, which pushes all of humanity forward. The military would shift focus to simple defense of the resource storage facilities, but would gradually be reduced as humanity comes further and futher together. To obtain ever more resources to fuel our growth, we would simply expand into outer space. Its this shift to abundance that leads to humanity essentially ascending, which simply means colonization of space. Once humanity reaches this point, they will be welcomed into the amalgamation. -The Amalgamation
Disclaimer : Rates displayed are indicative for the day and are subject to change without prior notice. For the latest currency notes and remittance rates, please refer to your nearest Bank Islam branch. Rates by Bank. BANK ATM RATES RANKING. DATE LOCATION BANK RATE; CAD ₦ 297 Zenith ₦ 340 Access ₦ 286 XE.com INR ₦ 5.2 Zenith ₦ 5.4 GTB ₦ 5.1 XE.com USD ₦ 386 Zenith ₦ 460 Fidelity ₦ 380 CBN GBP ₦ 512 Ecobank ₦ 587 Access ₦ 494 CBN EUR ₦ 461 Zenith ₦ 472 GTB ₦ 444 CBN AED ₦ 102 Zenith ₦ 128 Fidelity ₦ 99 XE.com GBP ₦ 501 FirstBank ₦ 597 Access ₦ 488 CBN ... Bank Islam Cards. Save more with our non-compounding charges credit cards. LEARN MORE . Al-Awfar Investment Account. Over RM15,000,000 worth of prizes to be won. LEARN MORE . SME Banking. Financing you and your business. LEARN MORE . Amal. Empowering community beyond business. LEARN MORE . Deposit & Financing Rates. Deposit and Financing Rates for various Bank Islam products. LEARN MORE ... BANK ISLAM CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATES. Check out the foreign currency exchange rate offered by Bank Islam. Below are the major currencies available for exchange at Bank Islam. * Exchange rates below are - Malaysia Ringgit (MYR) to 1 or 100 Unit(s) of Foreign Currency. Currency: Unit: Sell TT / OD: Buy TT: Buy OD : Currency Notes (Sell) Currency Notes (Buy) Information is not available ! Popular ... Issues about Printing and Dealing with Banknotes and Forex Trading Is Paper Currency formed by haram means For running the budget of the country Treasury gets money by issuing bonds to financial institutions eg investment banks etc and those bonds are paid earlier by the countrys central bank on low interest rates by means of a cheaque issued without having balance in the account of the ... An Islamic Forex account or swap-free account is a halal trading account because it is a swap-free account where Islamic trading accounts do not pay or receive interest rates. Online forex trading in Islam – Forex Trading Islamic Fatwa. What does Islam say on online forex trading? Regular forex trading accounts charge interest on certain trades, which can be a problem for some traders as making money from money, or Riba, is not permissible under Sharia law. Additionally, in Islam Gharar, or gambling, is also not permitted. Gharar can refer to the volatile conditions in the forex market which make it difficult to predict ... EFFECTIVE DATE ON 11/6/2020 9:30:00 AM: Disclaimer : Rates displayed are indicative for the day and are subject to change without prior notice. For the latest currency notes and remittance rates, please refer to your nearest Bank Islam branch. Forex Bank Islam Forex Vps Forex Vps Forex Bank Islam . 2006/05/07 · How to Trade Forex. Trading foreign exchange on the currency market, also called trading forex, can be a thrilling hobby and a great source of income. To put it into perspective, the securities market trades about $22.4 billion per day; the forex market trades about $5 ... What Islam Says on Online Forex Trading. Having reduced the issue to one of trading spot Forex and assuming there is no interest element deemed to be involved, we move onto the next issue. It would seem to be permissible only “so long as it [the exchange] is hand to hand”. So clearly, the Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) had in mind exchanges of different types of commodities that ...
Eman Islamic Bank Highest Profit Rates or Interest rate for March 2020 Commercial Banking Pakistan
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